Dyslexia can be described as a learning disability which prevents a person from reading, writing, spelling and even speaking sometimes. It is an impairment that is easy to find in children and it can last throughout the person’s life. The categories of this disability range from mild to severe, the earlier it is treated in a child the better the results that are obtained. The condition is caused by the brain’s inability to translate or convert images or sensory impulses received from the eyes or ears into useful understandable information or language.
Dyslexia can go unnoticed in the early schooling grades of a child. This becomes manifested later by frustration as a result of difficulty in learning to read and even speak. Often times signs of depression and low self esteem may follow along with several other behavioural issues both in school and at home. Most children having this condition tend to have a dislike for school and become unenthusiastic.
There are different types of dyslexia. Trauma dyslexia normally occurs as a result of trauma or injury to the area of the brain that controls learning processes like reading and writing. Primary dyslexia can be caused by impairment of the cerebral cortex and it does not improve with age. People having this type of dyslexia rarely do well in school and may have challenges with reading, writing and speech even as adults. Secondary dyslexia is caused by hormonal development during pregnancy. As the child grows up, it reduces until they become normal. Parents should always consult a Psychologist or their doctor whenever such signs are observed.